Sunday, September 20, 2020

TODAY IN CRIME: September 21

 

1776 During the American Revolutionary War, British forces arrested American spy Nathan Hale as he attempted to cross back into American-controlled territory. He was caught with the intelligence he’d been gathering for several weeks behind British lines and was hanged the next day.

1780 American Revolutionary War General Benedict Arnold met with British Major John Andre and made plans for British forces to seize West Point, the fortress on the Hudson River under Arnold’s command, in exchange for 10,000 pounds and a British military commission. The conspiracy was uncovered, Major Andre captured and executed, and Arnold fled to England.

1792 The French National Convention formally abolished the monarchy.

1898 Chinese Empress Dowager Cixi seized power and imprisoned the Guangxu Emperor, her nephew and adopted son, ending the Hundred Days' Reform, a movement to modernize and reform China's imperial system that was vigorously opposed by the conservative elite.

1939 The Iron Guard, a fascist movement in Romania, assassinated Romanian Prime Minister Armand Călinescu with the approval and assistance of Germany.

1942 Horrors in the Ukraine: On Yom Kippur, the most revered holiday in Judaism, Nazis murdered 2,588 Jews in Dunaivtsi and sent more than 1,000 Jews of Pidhaitsi to Bełżec extermination camp.

1953 North Korean pilot Lieutenant No Kum-sok defected to South Korea with his Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15 jet fighter. No received a $100,000 reward for being the first pilot to defect with an operational aircraft as well as asylum in the U.S. Five of his North Korean Air Force comrades and commanders, including his best friend, were executed by firing squad as punishment for his defection. 

1972 Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos began authoritarian rule by declaring martial law.

1976 Agents of Chile's secret police, under orders from dictator Augusto Pinochet, assassinated Chilean exile Orlando Letelier in Washington, D.C. with a car bomb. Letelier had been a member of the Chilean Marxist government of Salvador Allende, overthrown by Augusto Pinochet in 1973.

1981 The U.S. Senate unanimously approved Sandra Day O'Connor as the first female Supreme Court justice.

1985 American CIA case officer Edward Lee Howard fled to Russia after being identified as a KGB agent. He left a dummy made from stuffed clothes and an old wig stand in his car to fool the FBI agents following him. His book Safe House: The Compelling Memoirs of the Only CIA Spy to Seek Asylum in Russia explains his side of the story.

1993 Russian President Boris Yeltsin suspended parliament and scrapped the constitution, triggering a constitutional crisis.

1996 The U.S. Congress passed the Defense of Marriage Act. The federal law defined marriage as the union between one man and one woman and allowed states to refuse to recognize same-sex marriages sanctioned by other states. Subsequent Supreme Court decisions (United States v. Windsor [2013], Obergefell v. Hodges [2015]) have ruled it unconstitutional or rendered it unenforceable.

1998 American television networks publicly broadcast President Bill Clinton's August 17th grand jury testimony in the Monica Lewinsky scandal. (This is the hearing where Clinton redefined “sexual relations” and argued the meaning of the word “is.”) The interview was taped at the insistence of the investigating team for the benefit of a jury member who could not attend the hearing. Members of the House of Representatives insisted on the release of the tape—along with 2,800 pages of supporting documentation—saying the public had the right to see all the evidence of the Starr Report.

2001 A gang of ten British Pakistani youths murdered Ross Parker, a white 17-year-old, in Peterborough, England, in a racially-motivated crime. Ross bled to death after being stabbed, beaten with a hammer, and repeatedly kicked. The Muslim community aided police in the capture of the perpetrators. Three defendants received life sentences and a fourth defendant was cleared of murder and manslaughter.

2019 The skies over Jambi province, Indonesia, turned red as the worst illegal forest fires since 2015 burned more than 800,000 acres and created respiratory problems for a million people. Fire is a cheaper and faster way to clear land than using heavy construction equipment, it provides a cheaper treatment than chemicals and fertilizers to create arable soil, and burned land can be sold illegally at a higher price. Environmental protection lawsuits against firms believed responsible for the fires have produced little change.

Sunday, September 13, 2020

TODAY IN CRIME: September 14


1846 Jung Bahadur Kunwar and his brothers massacred about 40 members of the Nepalese palace court, including the prime minister and other senior ministers, military officers, and palace guards at the royal palace armory in Kathmandu. The massacre enabled Jung Bahadur to establish the powerful Rana dynasty of hereditary prime ministers, an office that remained in his family until 1951.

1901 U.S. President William B. McKinley died of gunshot wounds inflicted by anarchist Leon Czolgosz eight days earlier. Vice President Theodore Roosevelt succeeded him, becoming the youngest president in U.S. history.

1911 In Kiev, leftist revolutionary Dmitry Bogrov shot Russian Prime Minister Peter Stolypin, whose regime had been characterized by harsh measures against dissidents. Stolypin died three days later and Bogrov was hanged ten days after the assassination.

1940 The Hungarian Army, supported by local Hungarians, killed 158 Romanian civilians in Ip, Sălaj, a village in Northern Transylvania. The soldiers and vigilantes were acting on the rumor that Romanians were responsible for the deaths of two Hungarian soldiers who died in an accidental explosion, and a report that armed Romanians were looting. The massacre is regarded as an act of ethnic cleansing.

1960 With CIA help, Mobutu Sese Seko seized power in a military coup in the Congo, suspending parliament and the constitution.

1979 Communist politician Hafizullah Amin ordered the arrest of Afghan president Nur Muhammad Taraki and took over the government.

1982 Syrian Social Nationalist Party member Habib Shartouni assassinated president-elect of Lebanon Bachir Gemayel, along with 26 others gathered at the Lebanese Phalanges Party offices in Beirut. Lebanese forces arrested Shartouni two days later.

1982 Princess Grace of Monaco died from injuries sustained in a car crash the previous day. Although official records show the monarch was driving, witnesses put 17-year-old Princess Stephanie—underage and unlicensed—behind the wheel.

1989 Pressman Joseph T. Wesbecker shot and killed eight people and wounded twelve others at the Standard Gravure printing plant in Louisville, KY. Wesbecker, 47, was on disability for mental illness. He took his own life after the incident.

2010 Highbury Corner Magistrates' Court in London sentenced George Michael to eight weeks in prison, a £1,250 fine, and a five-year ban from driving for crashing his Range Rover into a Snappy Snaps store while under the influence of cannabis the previous July. He was released from Highpoint Prison after four weeks.

2015 In MacArthur High School in Irving, Texas, 14-year-old Ahmed Mohamed was arrested for bringing a home-made clock to school because a teacher assumed it was a bomb.

2018 Former Trump campaign chairman Paul Manafort plead guilty to conspiracy charges and agreed to co-operate with the U.S. Justice Department.

2019 Members of the Houthi movement in Yemen launched a drone attack on the state-owned Saudi Aramco oil processing facilities at Abqaiq and Khurais in eastern Saudi Arabia. The attack destroyed half of the country's oil production and 5% of the world's.

Sunday, September 6, 2020

TODAY IN CRIME: September 7

 

Tower Hill, London

1303 Backed by 1600 men, royalist Guillaume de Nogaret took Pope Boniface VIII prisoner at his Palace in Anagni, Italy, on behalf of King Philip IV of France. Philip’s plan was for Nogaret to take Boniface to France to face charges of heresy, corruption, and committing various mortal and venal sins before a general council. Before that could happen, though, the Pope excommunicated both conspirators, and Nogaret’s forces, facing too much local opposition, fled back to France and the Pope was free.

1571 Authorities returned Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk, to Tower Hill and held him on charges of treason for his role in the Ridolfi plot to assassinate Queen Elizabeth I of England and replace her with Mary, Queen of Scots.

1695 In one of the most profitable pirate raids in history, British pirate Henry Every captured the trading ship Ganj-i-Sawai of Mughal emperor Aurangzeb on its way from Yemen to India. In response, Aurangzeb closed all ports in India to English ships until Every was caught and executed, igniting a global manhunt. The East India company compensated the Great Mughal for his losses—£325,000 to £600,000. Every and most of his crew were never caught.

1857 In southern Utah, Mormon John Doyle Lee led 50 to 60 Mormon militiamen disguised as Native Americans, along with Paiute allies, in an attack on a wagon train of Arkansas emigrants traveling to California. The Mormons feared outsiders (and the U.S. Army) were plotting an invasion of Utah and suspected some of the Arkansans in the death of Mormon Apostle Parley Pratt. The fighting continued for five days and left 120 migrants dead. After two trials, Lee was convicted of first-degree murder and shot at the site of the massacre on March 23, 1877.

1876 In Northfield, Minnesota, Jesse James and the James–Younger Gang attempted to rob the town's bank but were driven off by a mob of armed and angry citizens. Town residents killed two robbers that day; a posse killed or captured four more gang members after a 14-day manhunt while Jesse and Frank James escaped.

1911 French police arrested poet Guillaume Apollinaire on suspicion of aiding and abetting the theft of the Mona Lisa from the Louvre museum. Even Picasso was brought in for questioning. Both men were exonerated. The real thief, Italian house painter Vincenzo Peruggia, was caught two years later when he tried to sell the painting in Florence.

1923 In Vienna, 22 delegates formed the International Criminal Police Commission (ICPC), the direct forerunner of INTERPOL. Today, INTERPOL has 194 member countries, making it the world's largest police organization.

1978 Bulgarian secret police agent Francesco Gullino fired a ricin pellet from a specially-engineered umbrella into the leg of Bulgarian dissident Georgi Markov as he walked across Waterloo Bridge in London. Markov died four days later. According to some reports, the Bulgarian police had arrested Gullino on smuggling charges and gave him the choice of going to prison or becoming a secret agent.

1986 Members of Marxist guerilla group the Patriotic Front of Manuel Rodríguez ambushed Chilean President Augusto Pinochet's motorcade on its way back to Santiago. Firing on the convoy with machine guns, rifles, bazookas, and hand grenades, the guerillas killed five bodyguards and wounded eleven but inflicted only a hand wound on the president. Pinochet's grandson, protected by his grandfather, survived unharmed. Pinochet said he did not fear his opponents. "Try to kill me," he said. "I'm a soldier, I'm ready."

1996 An unknown assailant fired shots into the car of hip hop artist Tupac Shakur after he attended a Mike Tyson boxing match in Las Vegas, Nevada. Shakur suffered four .40 caliber rounds from a Glock 22—two in in the chest, one in the arm, and one in the thigh—and died six days later. He was 25. Bullet fragments hit passenger Suge Knight, causing slight injuries. Shakur's entourage was headed for an anti-violence fund-raiser at Knight's Club 662. Suspect Orlando Anderson was himself murdered before he could be charged.

2000 Police arrested rocker Timothy Commerford of Rage Against the Machine for resisting arrest and disorderly conduct during the MTV Music Awards. The bassist shimmied up a 15-foot-high scaffold and rocked it back and forth, disrupting Limp Bizkit's acceptance speech for Best Rock Video and delaying the show 20 minutes, before stagehands and security talked him down.

2006 Former U.S. Deputy Secretary of State Richard Armitage confirmed he was the source of a leak that disclosed the identity of CIA employee Valerie Plame to journalist Robert Novak. Armitage claimed he didn't realize Plame's job was covert.

2008 The U.S. Treasury Department placed troubled mortgage giants Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac in government conservatorship.

2017 American credit bureau Equifax announced a data breach potentially impacting 140 million consumers in the U.S. Exposing millions of names and dates of birth, Social Security numbers, physical addresses, and other personal information, the breach was one of the largest cybercrimes related to identity theft. Equifax agreed to pay $575 million in a global settlement with the FTC, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB), and all 50 U.S. states and territories.

2019 Ukrainian filmmaker Oleg Sentsov and 69 others were released in a prisoner exchange between Ukraine and Russia. Sentsov, an outspoken opponent of Ukraine’s former pro-Russian government and of Russia’s annexation of Crimea, and 24 Ukrainian sailors captured by Moscow when warships seized three naval vessels in the Kerch Strait in 2018 were among those released, while Russian prisoners released to Moscow included Volodymyr Tsemakh, a suspect in the downing of Malaysia Airlines flight MH17 that killed 298 people.

Sunday, August 30, 2020

TODAY IN CRIME: August 31

 
1778 British soldiers massacred 17 members of the Stockbridge militia in the Bronx during the American Revolution. The militia consisted of mostly Mahican, Wappinger, and Munsee Native Americans who sided with the colonists.

1888 London police found Mary Ann Nichols, a prostitute, dead in the East End. She is considered to be Jack the Ripper's first victim.

1894 In New Zealand, the Liberal government of Richard Seddon passed the Industrial Conciliation and Arbitration Act, making New Zealand the first country in the world to outlaw strikes and force arbitration.

1911 The "Sullivan Act" came into effect, requiring New Yorkers to possess licenses for firearms small enough to be concealed.

1935 President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed an act prohibiting the export of U.S. arms to belligerents.

1959 A parcel bomb sent by Ngô Đình Nhu, younger brother and chief adviser of South Vietnamese President Ngô Đình Diệm, failed to kill King Norodom Sihanouk of neighboring Cambodia. The king’s chief of protocol, Prince Norodom Vakrivan, opened the box supposedly containing a gift from American friends and was killed instantly, along with a servant.

1970 A Connecticut jury convicted Black Panther activist Lonnie McLucas to 12-15 years for the murder of Black Panther Alex Rackley, a suspected FBI informant.

1970 33 Dutch extremists fighting for Moluccan autonomy in Indonesia (formerly Dutch East Indies) invaded the home of the Indonesian ambassador in Wassenaar, a suburb of The Hague, to protest the proposed visit of Indonesian dictator Suharto to the Netherlands. A policeman, Officer Molenaar, was killed but no one was ever arrested.

1974 John Lennon testified in U.S. federal court that the administration of U.S. President Nixon tried to have him deported because of his involvement with the anti-war demonstrations at the 1972 Republican convention in Miami, FL. Lennon finally got his green card in 1976.

1976 A New York judge ruled Beatle George Harrison guilty of plagiarizing the song "He’s So Fine" (composed by Ronald Mack and recorded by the Chiffons) in his hit “My Sweet Lord.”

1980 Poland's Solidarity labor movement began when the government and trade unions signed an agreement ending a 17-day strike in Gdansk. Solidarity grew to include 25% of the country's population and was thus able to become a lobby for national reform.

1985 Residents of an East Los Angeles neighborhood captured California's "Night Stalker" killer Richard Ramirez.

1988 Arbitrator George Nicolau ruled the owners of Major League Baseball teams colluded to restrict bidding for free agents. On the same day a year later, arbitrator Thomas T. Roberts ordered owners to pay $105 million for the collusion; in 1990, management finally agreed with the players' union to pay those players affected $280 million.

1990 East and West Germany signed a treaty to join legal and political systems.

1992 White separatist Randy Weaver surrendered to authorities in Idaho, ending an 11-day siege. Weaver's wife and son and a deputy U.S. marshal were killed during the siege.

1997 Britain's Princess Diana, her companion Dodi Fayed, and driver Henri Paul died in a car crash in Paris.

1999 The first in the “9/99” bombings in Moscow occurred at the shopping mall on Manezhnaya Square. One person died and 40 others were wounded. The bombings, blamed variously on the Federal Security Service and GRU or Arab militants fighting on the side of Chechen insurgents, continued until September 16 and killed 367 and injured more than 1,000.

2005 953 people died following a stampede on the Al-Aaimmah bridge across the Tigres River in Baghdad. A million Shia pilgrims were making their way to the Musa al-Kazi shrine when rumors of a suicide bomber ran rampant through the crowd, causing hundreds to rush to the bridge. (Hours before, an Al-Qaeda insurgent group killed seven and wounded dozens more in a mortar attack on the crowd.) Hundreds were trampled and suffocated trying to get to the other end of the bridge, which was closed off. Many fell into the river and drowned. Members of the public blamed Defense Ministers for improperly securing the area but no one resigned or received any punishment.

2006 Norwegian police recovered Edvard Munch's famous painting The Scream in a raid. Stolen two years before, the painting was said to be in a better-than-expected condition.

2006 Iran defied a U.N. deadline to stop enriching uranium. The U.N. council stipulated, however, that it would not impose sanctions without further negotiations.

2012 Armenia severed diplomatic relations with Hungary, after Hungary pardoned Ramil Safarov. Safarov had been convicted of killing an Armenian soldier in 2004.

2012 A Tokyo court ruled Samsung's Galaxy smartphones and tablets did not violate Apple patents and awarded legal costs to Samsung.

2016 The Brazilian Senate found President Dilma Rousseff guilty of violating Brazil's federal budget laws and voted 61-20 to remove her from office.

2019 Oil worker Seth Aaron Ator, fired from his job, went on a shooting spree with an AR-15 semi-automatic rifle in Midland and Odessa, Texas, killing seven and injuring 22 more. Ator bought the rifle privately, having failed a background check because of a "mental health issue." When police caught up with him at a movie complex in Odessa, he opened fire and wounded two officers before officers shot him dead.

Sunday, August 23, 2020

TODAY IN CRIME: August 24

The Saint Bartholomew's Day Massacre by François Dubois

1572 Roman Catholic mobs killed 70,000 French Protestants, or Huguenots, in the St. Bartholomew's Day massacre in Paris.

1751 Hertfordshire authorities executed Thomas Colley for drowning a supposed witch.

1814 The British invaded Washington, D.C., and set fire to the White House and the Capitol during the War of 1812.

1954 At the height of McCarthyism, U.S. President Eisenhower signed the Communist Control Act, virtually outlawing the Communist Party in the U.S.

1970 A bomb planted by antiwar extremists exploded at the University of Wisconsin's Army Math Research Center in Madison, killing researcher Robert Fassnacht.

1981 Manhattan Supreme Court Justice Dennis Edwards sentenced Mark David Chapman to 20 years to life in prison for the murder of rock musician John Lennon.

1989 MLB Commissioner A. Bartlett Giamatti banned former player and Cincinnati Reds manager Pete Rose for gambling on his own team.

1990 A judge in Reno, NV dismissed a case against the band Judas Priest, ruling it was not responsible for the suicides of two youths after they had listened to the band's music.

2001 U.S. District Judge Colleen Kollar-Kotelly was randomly picked to take over the Microsoft antitrust case. She was tasked with determining the extent of Microsoft’s monopolistic business practices and ended up accepting most of the settlement proposed by the Department of Justice.

2001 In 2001 In McAllen, TX, Bridgestone/Firestone agreed to settle out of court and pay a reported $7.5 million to the Rodriguez family of south Texas. Several members suffered injuries in a rollover accident in their Ford Explorer five months before Firestone announced the recall of 6.5 million tires.

2004 Chechnyan suicide bombers detonated explosive devices aboard two airliners departing Domodedovo International Airport, near Moscow, killing 89 passengers. An investigation revealed lax security and bribes allowed the two bombers, both female, to board the planes.

2007 A Florida judge sentenced convicted sex offender John Evander Couey to death for kidnapping 9-year-old Jessica Lunsford, raping her, and burying her alive. Couey died in prison of natural causes before he could be executed.

2007 A federal judge sentenced James Ford Seale, a former Ku Klux Klansman, to three life terms for his role in the 1964 abduction and murder of two black teenagers in Mississippi. Seale and his cohorts suspected the young men were civil rights activists.

2007 The NFL suspended Atlanta Falcons quarterback Michael Vick for his involvement in dogfighting.

2012 A California jury found Samsung guilty of patent infringement and awarded over $1 billion (U.S.) in damages to Apple. The same day, a South Korean court found both Apple and Samsung guilty of patent infringement.

2013 A gang battle involving flame throwers killed 30 people in Palmasola prison, a maximum-security facility in Bolivia.

2018 Aerosmith lead singer Steven Tyler sent a cease-and-desist letter to President Trump demanding he stop using the band's songs at rallies.

2019 Responding to intense media scrutiny, Britain's Prince Andrew released a statement denying any knowledge of his friend Jeffrey Epstein’s involvement in the sexual trafficking of underage girls.

Sunday, August 16, 2020

TODAY IN CRIME: August 17

 



310 Roman emperor Maxentius banished Pope Eusebius to Sicily, where he promptly died, probably from a hunger strike. Eusebius believed Christians who had denied their faith during persecutions by the state should be allowed to take communion after proper penance.

1896 A few weeks after Parliament increased the speed limit for motor vehicles to 14 mph, a car traveling 4-8 mph struck and killed 44-year-old Bridget Driscoll as she crossed the grounds of the Crystal Palace in London. Driscoll was the first recorded case of a pedestrian killed in a collision with a motor car in the UK. A coroner's jury returned a verdict of "accidental death" after a six-hour inquest. Coroner Percy Morrison said he hoped "such a thing would never happen again."

1915 A mob in Cobb County, Ga., lynched Jewish businessman Leo Frank, who had been sentenced on flimsy evidence for the murder of 13-year-old Mary Phagan.

1962 On the first anniversary of Communist East Germany’s completion of the Berlin Wall, border guards shot and killed 18-year-old Peter Fechter as he attempted to cross over into the western sector, spurring riots.

1982 The U.S. Senate approved an immigration bill that granted permanent resident status to illegal aliens who had arrived in the U.S. before 1977.

1986 Forty-two people were beaten or stabbed at a Run D.M.C. concert in Long Beach, CA. Members of the rap group feared gang trouble and had requested extra security from police and auditorium management.

1987 Rudolf Hess, Adolf Hitler's second in command, committed suicide at Spandau prison. The 93-year-old had been the only inmate there for more than 20 years.

1991 Taxi driver Wade Frankum went on a rampage in the Strathfield Plaza, a shopping mall in Sydney Australia, stabbing and shooting seven people and injuring six others before turning the gun on himself. Victim Gary Read, who was shot in both feet, was awarded the Star of Courage for saving more lives during the unexplained killing spree.

1998 A grand jury questioned U.S. President Bill Clinton in the Monica Lewinsky scandal. He was the first U.S. president to testify as the subject of a grand jury investigation. Clinton admitted that he had an "improper physical relationship" with the intern and that night confessed on national television that that their relationship was "not appropriate."

2005 Terrorist set off more than 500 bombs at 300 locations in 63 out of the 64 districts of Bangladesh.

2005 Israeli security forces began the forcible removal of Jews from four settlements in the Gaza Strip.

2010 After 14 days of deliberation, a federal jury found ousted Illinois Gov. Rod Blagojevich guilty of lying to federal agents but could not agree on the remaining 23 corruption charges lodged against him, and the judge declared a mistrial. After a retrial, he was found guilty of 17 charges and sentenced to 14 years in prison.

Sunday, August 9, 2020

TODAY IN CRIME: August 10

1776 Word of the U.S. Declaration of Independence reached London.

1792 Armed Revolutionary mobs stormed the Tuileries Palace in Paris, forced King Louis XVI and his family to take refuge in the Legislative Assembly, and massacred the Swiss Guards. The National Convention found Louis guilty of high treason in December and executed him in January 1793.

1827 Friction between the Irish-American and African-American communities in Cincinnati intensified to the point that gangs of white citizens attacked blacks and destroyed their property. City leaders failed to protect black citizens, and by the end of August 1000 had fled to Canada.

1835 A mob of 500 white men destroyed the Noyes Academy in Canaan, New Hampshire, one of the first secondary schools in the U.S. to admit free blacks. The mob hooked a team of 90 oxen to the building, ripped it from the ground, and dragged it down the street. A vote at an official town meeting that declared the academy a "nuisance" protected the mob from legal action.

1920 Mexican revolutionary general and bandit Francisco "Pancho" Villa surrendered to Mexican federal authorities. When a bottle of Cognac was produced, Villa took a swig and pronounced, "I'm ready now to embrace my worst enemies."

1959 Police in Cincinnati arrested the four male members of the Platters singing group and charged them with aiding and abetting prostitution, lewdness and assignation. Although all four were acquitted, the charges seriously damaged record sales and airplay.

1962 Judge Adie Durden of Albany, Georgia, found Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. and three other civil rights leaders guilty of disorderly conduct charges for staging racial demonstrations. He fined each $200 and sentenced them to 60 days in jail but immediately suspended the sentences and placed King and his associates on probation.

1969 Members of Charles Manson's cult murdered Leno and Rosemary LaBianca in their Los Angeles home, one day after they killed actress Sharon Tate and four other people. A jury found Manson and three followers guilty on all counts of first-degree murder.

1970 The trial of Doors lead singer Jim Morrison for Lewd and Lascivious Behavior (a felony), Indecent Exposure, Open Profanity, and Public Drunkenness began in Miami, FL. Morrison allegedly exposed himself on stage during a show in Miami in 1969.  He was eventually found guilty of indecent exposure and open profanity, sentenced to six months in jail, fined $500, and released on bond. He flew to Paris, where he died in 1971. The Florida Clemency Board issued a pardon years later.

1972 Police in Sweden arrested Paul and Linda McCartney for drug possession backstage after a concert in Gothenburg. An unnamed employee in their office had mailed the couple six ounces of marijuana to enjoy on the road. Paul was fined $1,000 and Linda $200.

1977 In Yonkers, NY, police arrested and charged 24-year-old postal employee David Berkowitz with being the "Son of Sam," the serial killer who terrorized New York City for more than a year. Berkowitz confessed, pled guilty, and was sentenced to 365 years in prison for killing six people and wounding seven more.

1981 Investigators found the severed head of missing six-year-old Adam Walsh in a drainage ditch in rural Indian County, Florida, about 130 miles from where he disappeared two weeks before. Ottis Toole, a convicted serial killer, confessed to Adam's murder but was never charged for it due to a botched investigation. Adam's father John Walsh became an advocate for victims of violent crime.

1993 A freighter collided with two barges at the mouth of Tampa Bay, Fla., spilling 330,000 gallons of fuel oil and another 32,000 gallons of jet fuel, diesel fuel, and gasoline into the water. No one was killed but a five-mile-long slick developed and a thirteen-mile stretch of beach was fouled by the oil. “In 1999, the federal and state trustees reached an $8 million settlement with the vessel owners to resolve government claims, including cleanup and damage assessment costs, and restore natural resources” (www.baysoundings.com).

1994 U.S. President Clinton filed a motion to dismiss a sexual harassment lawsuit filed by Paula Corbin Jones on the grounds of presidential immunity. After years of legal wrangling, in 1998 Clinton paid Jones $850,000 in an out-of-court settlement with no acknowledgement of wrong-doing.

1995 A U.S. federal court indicted domestic terrorists Timothy McVeigh and Terry Nichols for the Oklahoma City bombing that killed 168 people and injured more than 680. Michael Fortier plead guilty in a plea-bargain for his testimony.

1999 An Indian fighter jet shot down a Pakistani naval aircraft for crossing into Indian air space. Sixteen people were killed. Pakistan claimed the plane was on a routine exercise and lodged a compensation claim with the International Court of Justice, but the Court dismissed the case.

1999 White supremacist Buford O. Furrow, Jr. walked into the Los Angeles Jewish Community Center and opened fire with a submachine gun, wounding two adults and three boys. He fled the scene, carjacked a Toyota at gunpoint, killed a postal worker because he was Asian, and took a 275-mile taxi ride to Las Vegas, where he walked into an FBI office and confessed.

2006 Scotland Yard foiled a major terrorist plot to detonate liquid explosives smuggled in hand luggage on ten aircraft travelling from the UK to the U.S. and Canada.

2009 The Handlová mine blast in Trencin Region, Slovakia, killed 20 people and injured nine. The deadly explosion occurred after mine rescuers had earlier been deployed to extinguish a fire in the Eastern shaft of the mine. Three mining company employees were eventually charged with negligence.

2018 A jury in California awarded $289 million to former groundskeeper Dewayne Johnson in the Monsanto "Roundup" case. Johnson contracted terminal cancer after using the popular weed killer.